## ASCVD Risk Calculator

The ASCVD Risk Calculator is a tool designed to estimate the 10-year risk of Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease (ASCVD). ASCVD includes coronary heart disease and stroke and is influenced by factors such as age, gender, cholesterol levels, blood pressure, and diabetes.

### How to Use ASCVD CAlculator:

1. Enter Age: Input your age in years.
2. Select Gender: Choose your gender (Male or Female).
3. Enter Total Cholesterol: Input your total cholesterol level in mg/dL.
4. Enter HDL Cholesterol: Input your HDL cholesterol level in mg/dL.
5. Enter Systolic Blood Pressure: Input your systolic blood pressure in mm Hg.
6. Select Diabetes: Indicate whether you have diabetes (Yes or No).
7. Click Calculate: Press the “Calculate” button to estimate your 10-year ASCVD risk.

## Formula Used ASCVD Ratio Calculator:

The calculator uses a simplified version of the ASCVD risk calculation. Please note that this is not the official ACC/AHA algorithm, but a simplified approach for illustrative purposes. The formula is as follows:

ASCVD Risk=100×(1−(0.939exp⁡(ascvdRisk)))ASCVD Risk=100×(1−(0.939exp(ascvdRisk)))

The ascvdRiskascvdRisk term is calculated using the following components:

ascvdRisk=12.344×log⁡(Age)+11.853×Multiplier+2.328×log⁡(Total Cholesterol)−0.667×log⁡(HDL Cholesterol)+0.531×Multiplier×log⁡(Systolic BP)+0.302×Diabetes−6.608ascvdRisk=12.344×log(Age)+11.853×Multiplier+2.328×log(Total Cholesterol)−0.667×log(HDL Cholesterol)+0.531×Multiplier×log(Systolic BP)+0.302×Diabetes−6.608

The multiplier is 1 for males and 0 for females.

#### Example for ASCVD Ratio:

Suppose you are a 45-year-old male with a total cholesterol of 200 mg/dL, HDL cholesterol of 50 mg/dL, systolic blood pressure of 120 mm Hg, and no diabetes. The calculator estimates the 10-year ASCVD risk based on the provided values and the simplified formula.

#### Disclaimer:

This simplified calculator is for educational purposes and may not provide accurate clinical assessments. Consult with a healthcare professional for precise risk assessments and advice.