## Introduction To Dilution Calculator:

The Dilution Calculator is a tool designed to assist users in determining the required volumes of a stock solution and a diluent needed to achieve a desired final concentration. Dilution is a common laboratory technique used to reduce the concentration of a solution while maintaining the proportion of solute.

## Formula For Dilution Calculator:

The dilution formula used by the calculator is:

1=2V1​C1​=V2​C2​

where:

• 1V1​ is the volume of the initial (stock) solution,
• 1C1​ is the concentration of the initial (stock) solution,
• 2V2​ is the volume of the diluent (usually a solvent like water),
• 2C2​ is the desired final concentration.

## Working Of The Dilution Calculator:

### Input Section:

Initial Concentration (1C1​): Users input the concentration of the stock solution in molarity.

Final Concentration (2C2​): Users specify the desired final concentration in molarity.

Final Volume (2V2​): Users provide the desired total volume of the final solution in milliliters.

### Calculation:

• When the “Calculate” button is pressed, the JavaScript function `calculateDilution()` is triggered.
• The function uses the dilution formula to calculate the required volume of the stock solution (1V1​) and diluent (2−1V2​−V1​).
• The results are then displayed below the form.

### Output Section:

The calculated volumes of the stock solution and diluent are displayed in the “Results” section.

The output includes the required volume of the stock solution and diluent to achieve the specified dilution.

### Summary:

The Dilution Calculator simplifies the process of diluting a solution by providing users with the precise volumes needed for a desired final concentration. It streamlines laboratory procedures, ensuring accurate and efficient solution preparations. Users can quickly determine the appropriate amounts of stock solution and diluent, saving time and resources in experimental setups that require specific concentrations.